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考研英语(二)历年阅读要点之2015-Text 1(三)
2017/10/12 15:13:02

  针对考研英语阅读,其重要性对于考研英语乃至整个考研是不言而喻的。因此,各位同学一定要予以重视。为了帮助大家更好地复习,文都教育考研英语老师为各位同学梳理一下历年真题阅读文章中涉及的要点,包括词汇、短语、长难句以及简单的阅读方法。接下来看一下2015年Text 1,这篇文章主要探讨了人们在家里要比在工作中压力更大的情况。

  But it’s not just a gender thing. At work, people pretty much know what they’re supposed to be doing: working, making money, doing the tasks they have to do in order to draw an income. The bargain is very pure: Employee puts in hours of physical or mental labor and employee draws out life-sustaining moola.

  in order to do“为了做某事”;draw an income“赚钱”;bargain“交易”;pure“纯粹的”;physical or mental labor“体力和脑力劳动”;life-sustaining“维持生计的”;moola既然是维持生计的,那么moola当然指“收入,金钱”。24. The word “moola” (Line 4, Para 4) most probably means________.即选earnings。这道题也可以结合上一句,我们知道两句话含义是对等的,所以moola和income含义也是对等的。

  On the home front, however, people have no such clarity. Rare is the household in which the division of labor is so clinically and methodically laid out. There are a lot of tasks to be done; there are inadequate rewards for most of them. Your home colleagues--your family--have no clear rewards for their labor; they need to be talked into it or if they’re teenagers, threatened with complete removal of all electronic devices. Plus, they’re your family. You cannot fire your family. You never really get to go home from home.

  however“然而”,表转折,说明在家里情况与在上文提到的工作中是不一样的;clarity“明确性”。接下来就是对该句的补充说明。Rare is the household为倒装结构,正常语序是The household is rare(家庭是稀有的)。什么样的家庭呢?in which引导定语从句,“在这样的家庭里”;division of labor“劳动分工”;clinically“不偏不倚地”;methodically“有条理地”;lay out“安排”。“劳动分工是如此地不偏不倚和有条理地安排,这样的家庭是稀有的。”因此25. The home front differs from the workplace in that________.即选division of labor at home is seldom clear-cut. talk sb. into sth.可以表示“说服某人做某事”。

  So it’s not surprising that people are more stressed at home. Not only are the tasks apparently infinite, the co-workers are much harder to motivate.

  not only位于句首,句子部分倒装;infinite“无限的”;motivate“激励”。

  以上就是文都教育考研英语老师为大家梳理的2015年Text 1后三段的要点。时钟滴答滴答从不停歇,考研迫在眉睫。一直在努力的各位同学一定要坚持到底哦,坚持就是胜利!之前不够努力的同学也不要气馁。“临阵磨枪,不快也光。”现在行动起来,简单高效,认真复习,也是有机会的。

 

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